El Hammam

The bath

Covered with octagonal base palm domes and pendants or false trunks, it is composed of three spaces: the frigidarium ( el beyte el barda) where the toilets are located, the warm transition room (tepidarium) and the caldarium (el beyt el skhouna).

Lighting is provided by openings in the dome that are also used for ventilation. The hammam is operated by a heating system, composed of a hypocaust, with shale slate flooring (heat-conducting material) supported by brick pillars from which a series of galleries allow hot air to circulate to heat the oven. A boiler room and hot and cold water supplies are located behind a low wall, providing heat to heat the space and cold and hot water to supply the basins.

The bases are generally made of ceramic tiles.

Access to the fireplace is most often through the kitchen below the hammam.  Lead or terracotta pipes embedded in the walls lead the water - which supplies the city with water through aqueducts, springs often located several kilometres away - to the great palaces.